These most ancient depictions of a mother goddess further suggest a more sophisticated and global view of a creator goddess or Earth Mother. This “Earth as Mother” motif is found in many mythologies around the planet. The goddess figure embodies or personifies a fertile earth. She is seen as the creative force, often giving birth to a myriad of other deities, or to the universe itself.
In Sumerian mythology, the earth goddess Ki (cuneiform ki is the sign for earth) as the consort of Anu, an earth god. It is Anu and Ki who give birth to the Anunnaki, recently made popular by proponents of Ancient Astronaut Theory. The notion of an earth mother and father Mut or Maut is the ancient Kemetic (Egyptian) mother goddess. Mut was known as the “primal mother of all who was born of the sun.” As a creator deity, Mut was revered as the mother from whom the cosmos emerged. She is associated with the waters of Amen, from which everything was born through parthenogenesis, a form of asexual reproduction in which the development of embryos occur without fertilization- Immaculate Conception… (shades of the virgin birth mythos?)
Kemetic deities evolved over time. As the old kingdom gave way to the middle kingdom, Mut was transformed into Het-Heru (Hathor), and ultimately Auset (Isis). Auset is the goddess of the earth. This page describes her in her capacity as Mother Nature, the goddess progenitor of animals, and the inventors of new plant life. Ancient Greeks identified Auset with the goddess Aphrodite (foam-arisen) and the Romans as Venus. Both Aphrodite and Venus were considered goddesses of love, beauty, sex, fertility, prosperity and, through association as Earth Mother.
Just as Aphrodite is portrayed as emerging from the sea upon a scallop shell, so is the ancient title for the Blessed Virgin Mary the Star (Polaris or the North Star) of the Sea. With Mother Mary, the virgin birth motif is carried into Christian mythology. Although modern Christianity does not necessarily view Mother Mary as an Earth or Mother Goddess, early Christian sects, circa 300AD did.
Modern western culture has multiple representations of Earth Goddess. Most widespread is the Mother Nature motif. Another popular and more recent representation of Earth Goddess is Earth as Gaia. The ancient Greek earth goddess Gaia has in modern times become the name for Gaia philosophy, where it is postulated that organisms interact with their inorganic surroundings on Earth to form a self-regulating, complex system that contributes to maintaining the conditions for life on the planet.
In our modern world of climate change and renewed pressures placed upon our precious natural resources, a deeper understanding of “Goddess” or Queen Mother earth based philosophy is vitally important. Let us not forget that our shared Mother Earth is but a tiny speck in the vastness of space.